By Claire Melamed, from the Overseas Development Institute:
“If you think agreeing goals on health and education for after 2015 is hard, just wait until the serious conversations start on the ‘global partnership’ that underpins them. All of the most difficult global issues are there: how to sort out the global trading system (something the WTO is having another go at in Bali in December), or how to tackle migration – an issue so contentious that there isn’t even a global negotiations process on it. And of course the ever-thorny question of finance – who pays for the implementation of new goals, and how.
A new report from ODI will help. We’ve pulled together estimates of the scale and distribution of possible gains from different global reforms. Within the limits of what we know, the aim is to inject a bit of empirical reality into the political nightmare that negotiations on a global partnership might become. We’ve left out the debate on aid and concessional finance, since that has its own dynamic and is well covered elsewhere, and have left the question of climate change and post-2015 for a forthcoming briefing. Here, the focus is on other global reforms that are, or could be, on the agenda for post-2015. There are huge caveats about comparability and reliability of the different estimates, but a general picture emerges from the table below. In 2009, the value of development assistance globally was around $173 billion. The table below, drawn from the report, shows that some of these reforms could involve a doubling, at least, of the international resources available for development.”